Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

Welcome to the untamed realm of the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, an oasis of natural wonders waiting to be explored. Nestled in the eastern lowland plains of Nepal, this haven is revered by nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers worldwide. Stretching over 175 square kilometers, Koshi Tappu is a biodiversity hotspot brimming with exotic bird species, extraordinary flora, and rare wildlife.

Embark on a journey through the reserve’s grasslands, wetlands, and dense forests, where the symphony of chirping birds and rustling leaves provides a melodic backdrop. Witness the majestic Asian elephants as they gracefully traverse the landscape, while crocodiles and freshwater dolphins gracefully navigate the waters of the Koshi River. For avid birdwatchers, the reserve is a paradise. With over 514 avian species, including migratory birds from Siberia and Tibet, Koshi Tappu offers a captivating spectacle for any ornithology enthusiast.

Immerse yourself in the vibrant tapestry of nature’s finest creations, where every blade of grass and whisper of the wind tells a story. Discover the untamed wonders of the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and be captivated by its raw beauty.

Biodiversity of Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

Koshi Tappu is a sanctuary where biodiversity thrives. With its distinct ecosystems, it shelters a remarkable variety of species, both flora and fauna. The reserve boasts wetlands, grasslands, and freshwater habitats that provide an ideal environment for an array of wildlife. From the elusive wild water buffalo to the endangered Ganges river dolphin, Koshi Tappu is a haven for rare and unique species. The reserve’s biodiversity is a testament to the importance of conservation efforts in maintaining fragile ecosystems.

Flora and Fauna in Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

The flora and fauna of Koshi Tappu are inextricably linked, creating a harmonious ecosystem. The grasslands are punctuated by patches of reeds and water lilies, providing sustenance and shelter for a range of animals. The reserve is home to over 500 species of birds, numerous species of mammals, and a rich variety of aquatic life. This incredible biodiversity ensures that every step through Koshi Tappu is a chance to encounter the wonders of nature.

Birdwatching in Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

majestic Sarus Crane
Sarus Crane

For avid birdwatchers, Koshi Tappu is a paradise. The reserve is a vital resting and feeding ground for migratory birds, making it a haven for bird enthusiasts. With resident and migratory species like the majestic Sarus Crane, the endangered Bengal florican, and a myriad of waterfowl, Koshi Tappu offers an unparalleled birdwatching experience. Capture the beauty of these feathered wonders against the backdrop of serene wetlands.

Wildlife Viewing Opportunities in Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

Gharial Crocodile
Gharial Crocodile

Koshi Tappu offers extraordinary wildlife viewing opportunities. Embark on jeep safaris, boat rides, or nature walks guided by experienced naturalists. Witness the graceful movements of deer, the playful antics of otters, and perhaps even the stealthy prowling of a Bengal tiger. The reserve’s carefully designed viewing experiences ensure a respectful and unforgettable encounter with Nepal’s diverse wildlife.

Protected Mammals
S.NNameScientific Name
1PangolinManis Pantadactyla
2HyaenaHyaena Hyaena
3Wild Water BuffaloBabulus Arnee
4DolphinPlatanista Gangetica
5Asian ElephantElephas Maximus
Protected Birds
S.NNameScientific Name
1Black StorkCiconia Nigra
2White StorkCiconia Ciconia
3Bengal FloricanHubaropsis Benglensis
4Lesser FloricanSypheotides Indica
Protected Reptiles 
S.NNameScientific Name
1Asiatic Rock PythonPython Molurus
2Golden Monitor LizardVaranus Flavescens
3Gharial CrocodileGavialis Gangetica

Activities and Attractions in Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

Activities and Attractions

Beyond wildlife encounters, Koshi Tappu offers a range of activities to engage visitors. Explore the local culture and traditions of nearby communities, engage in sustainable tourism initiatives, and contribute to conservation efforts. Cycling, village tours, and educational programs provide a holistic experience that goes beyond the reserve’s borders.

Best Time to Visit Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

To witness the full splendor of Koshi Tappu, plan your visit between October and March. During this dry season, the wildlife congregates around the water sources, making it easier to spot a diverse array of species. The comfortable climate ensures an enjoyable experience as you explore the reserve’s wonders.

Accommodation Options in Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

Accommodation within the reserve ensures an immersive experience. Choose from rustic lodges that blend harmoniously with the environment, offering both comfort and proximity to the wilderness. Enjoy starlit nights and the sounds of nature while staying in close proximity to the reserve’s main attractions.

How to Reach Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

Koshi Tappu is accessible from various parts of Nepal. The nearest airport, Biratnagar Airport, offers connections to Kathmandu. From there, a picturesque drive will take you to the reserve. Alternatively, public buses and hired vehicles provide convenient transportation options.


Day 01 Fly to Biratnagar and drive to Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
Day 02 Boating in Sapta Koshi River and driving to Koshi Barrage.
Day 03 Jungle safari and bird watching at the reserve
Day 04 Drive to Biratnagar and fly to Kathmandu

Conclusion: Experience the Untouched Beauty of Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve invites you to step into a world where nature’s magnificence takes center stage. From its rich biodiversity to the myriad of activities it offers, the reserve provides an escape from the everyday hustle and bustle. Whether you’re an avid wildlife enthusiast or simply seeking solace in nature, Koshi Tappu promises an unforgettable journey into the heart of Nepal’s untamed beauty. Plan your visit and embark on an adventure that will leave you with cherished memories and a deeper appreciation for the wonders of the natural world.

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