Banke National Park

Nepal is a place with the most stunning natural wonders in the world, and Banke National Park is no exception. Located in the western part of the country, Banke National Park covers an area of 550 square kilometers and is known for its diverse flora and fauna. If you’re a nature lover or simply looking for a unique adventure, a visit to Banke National Park is a must.

Banke National Park & Buffer Zone
Banke National Park & Buffer Zone

History and Background

Banke National Park was established in 2010 and is the youngest national park in Nepal. This national park was created to protect the natural ecosystems and wildlife in the region, which had been threatened by human activities such as deforestation and poaching. This is situated in the Terai Arc Landscape, which is an important corridor for wildlife migration between India and Nepal.

Flora and Fauna

Banke National Park is occupied by a diverse array of flora and fauna. The vegetation of the park is characterized by a mix of grasslands, forests, and wetlands. This park is inhabited by more than 800 species of flora, including several rare and endangered species such as the Indian gooseberry and the Indian rosewood. Banke National Park is also the habitat of over 100 species of mammals, including the Bengal tiger, one-horned rhinoceros, and Asian elephant. Birdwatchers will be delighted to know that over 200 species of birds have been recorded here, including the Bengal florican and the Sarus crane.

Activities and Attractions

Visitors to Banke National Park have plenty of activities and attractions to choose from. One of the most popular activities is wildlife safari, where visitors can spot some exotic and endangered wildlife such as tigers, rhinoceroses, and elephants. Both jeep and elephant safaris and visitors can also opt for a guided walking safari to explore diverse flora and fauna up close.

Tharu Culture

In addition to wildlife viewing, Banke National Park offers several other activities for visitors. Here we can find a number of hiking trails that range in difficulty, from easy walks to more challenging treks. These trails offer stunning views of the Banke National Park’s landscape and allow visitors to experience the natural beauty at their own pace.

For birdwatchers, Banke National Park is a paradise. Banke has nested with over 200 species of birds, many of which are rare or endangered. Birdwatching tours are available, and visitors can expect to spot species such as the Bengal florican, Sarus crane, and crested serpent eagle.

Banke National Park: elephant

Finally, visitors to Banke National Park can learn about the local Tharu culture by visiting the nearby Tharu Museum and Cultural Center. The Tharu people have lived in the region for centuries, and their unique culture and way of life are an integral part of the park’s history and heritage.

Overall, Banke National Park offers a wide range of activities and attractions that are sure to appeal to nature lovers and adventure seekers alike. Whether you’re exploring on foot, on the back of an elephant, or from the comfort of a jeep, there’s no shortage of amazing experiences to be had in this stunning natural wonderland.

Main attractions in Banke National Park

  • Wildlife Safaris: Visitors can go on a jeep or elephant safari to see the park’s exotic wildlife, including tigers, rhinoceroses, elephants, and many other species.
  • Hiking Trails: The park offers several hiking trails that range in difficulty, providing visitors with stunning views of the landscape and the opportunity to experience its natural beauty up close.
  • Birdwatching: With over 200 species of birds, many of which are rare or endangered, Banke National Park is a paradise for birdwatchers.
  • Tharu Museum and Cultural Center: Visitors can learn about the local Tharu culture and their way of life by visiting the nearby Tharu Museum and Cultural Center.
  • Bageshwori Temple: Located just outside the area, the Bageshwori Temple is a popular pilgrimage site for both Hindus and Buddhists.
  • Karnali River: The park is home to a section of the Karnali River, which offers opportunities for river rafting and fishing.
  • Babai River Valley: The Babai River Valley is a beautiful area that offers a variety of outdoor activities, including wildlife viewing and hiking.
  • Shivapur Village: Visitors can experience the traditional Tharu village life by visiting Shivapur Village, located nearby.
Bangel Tiger

Conservation Efforts

Banke National Park is committed to preserving the natural ecosystems and wildlife in the region. The park has implemented several conservation initiatives, such as anti-poaching patrols, community conservation programs, and habitat restoration projects. It also conducts research on flora and fauna to better understand and protect them.

Read More About the park on the official site.

Protected Mammals
S.NNameScientific Name
1Royal Bengal TigerPanthera Tigris
2PangolinManis Pantadactyla
3HyaenaHyaena Hyaena
4Four-Horned AntelopeTetraceurs Quadricornis
5Asian ElephantElephas Maximus
Protected Birds
S.NNameScientific Name
1Black StorkCiconia Nigra
2Giant HornbillBuceros Bicornis
Protected Reptiles 
S.NNameScientific Name
1Asiatic Rock PythonPython Molurus
2Golden Monitor LizardVaranus Flavescens

Plan Your Visit

If you’re planning a visit to Banke National Park, it’s important to keep in mind that the best time to visit is between October and March, when the weather is dry and cool. Visitors can fly to Nepalgunj Airport, which is the closest airport. From there, it’s a short drive to the park’s entrance.

The best time to visit Banke National Park is between October and March, which is the dry season in Nepal. During this time, the weather is cool and dry, making it ideal for wildlife viewing, hiking, and other outdoor activities. The monsoon season from June to September can make travel and outdoor activities more difficult due to heavy rainfall and flooding. However, the park remains open year-round, and visitors can still enjoy the park’s natural beauty during other times of the year.

Entrance Fees for Banke National Park

SN.National ParkNepaliSAARCForeigners
1Banke National ParkNRs. 100 per person per entryNRs. 750 per person per entryNRs. 1,500 per person per entry


Banke National Park is a unique and beautiful destination that offers visitors a chance to experience the natural beauty of Nepal. Whether you’re a nature lover, adventure seeker, or simply looking for a unique travel experience, Banke National Park is definitely worth a visit.

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Sailendra Bhatta

An adventurer, writer, and Founder of Nepal Travel Vibes.

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