Traditional Pottery Art

Immerse yourself in the rich heritage of traditional pottery art in Bhaktapur, Nepal. Explore the delicate craftsmanship and timeless beauty of Nepalese pottery. Discover the secrets of shaping clay into exquisite creations. Unleash your creativity and join us for an unforgettable pottery experience. Book your pottery workshop today!

In this blog post, we will explore the captivating world of Bhaktapur’s pottery, its historical significance, and why it should be on every traveler’s itinerary.

Pottery is the process of forming objects, typically vessels, from clay by hand or by using a potter’s wheel. It is one of the oldest forms of human art and has been practiced for thousands of years across various cultures.

Process of making pottery

Local Potter moulding clay into earthen pot.
Local Potter molding clay into an earthen pot.
  1. Clay selection: Different types of clay are used for pottery, and the choice of clay depends on factors such as its plasticity, color, and firing temperature. Common types of clay include earthenware, stoneware, and porcelain.
  2. Wedging: Before working with clay, it is often necessary to remove air bubbles and ensure the clay is uniform in texture. This is done through a process called wedging, which involves kneading and compressing the clay.
  3. Shaping: There are different methods of shaping pottery, including hand-building and wheel-throwing. Hand-building involves creating pottery by hand using techniques like coiling (building with rolls of clay), slab construction (using flat pieces of clay), or pinching (using fingers to shape the clay). Wheel-throwing involves using a potter’s wheel to shape the clay while it spins.
  4. Drying: Once the pottery is shaped, it needs to dry to remove moisture from the clay. This is an important step to prevent cracking during firing. The drying process can take several days or even weeks, depending on the size and thickness of the pottery.
  5. Bisque firing: After the pottery is dry, it is typically fired in a kiln at a lower temperature (around 900 to 1000 degrees Celsius) in a process called bisque firing. This firing hardens the clay and prepares it for glazing.
  6. Glazing: Glazing involves applying a layer of liquid glass or ceramic material to the bisque-fired pottery. Glazes can add color, texture, and a protective coating to the pottery. They come in various forms, such as glossy, matte, or textured. Glazed pottery is then fired again at a higher temperature to fuse the glaze to the clay and achieve its final appearance.
  7. Final firing: After glazing, the pottery is fired in a kiln at a higher temperature depending on the type of clay and glaze used. This final firing, known as the glaze firing or high firing, typically ranges from 1100 to 1300 degrees Celsius. It vitrifies the clay, making it durable and water-resistant.
  8. Finishing touches: After the final firing, additional finishing touches can be added to the pottery, such as sanding, polishing, or adding decorative elements like handles or surface designs.
Earthenware is being dried in the Pottery Square in Bhaktapur.
Earthenware is being dried in the Pottery Square in Bhaktapur.

Pottery can be both functional and decorative, with various forms such as bowls, plates, vases, and sculptures. It is a versatile art form that allows for creative expression and can be enjoyed as a hobby or pursued professionally.

Pottery Square कुम्हः त्वः (The Endangered Pottery Haven)

Kumha Tole, also known as Pottery Square or Talako Tole, is a vibrant neighborhood in Bhaktapur, Nepal. This area is predominantly inhabited by people with the surname ‘Prajapati,’ who have inherited the art of pottery from their ancestors. For them, pottery is not just a job; it is an integral part of their cultural identity and a source of immense pride.

In this fast-paced and technologically driven era, traditional handcrafted arts are gradually fading into obscurity. The art of pottery, with its meticulous craftsmanship and timeless beauty, is facing the threat of being lost over time. Local residents are deeply concerned about preserving this cherished art form.

Join us as we delve into the heart of Kumha Tole, where the wheel turns, clay takes shape, and delicate creations come to life. Discover the stories and passion of the talented artisans who continue to breathe life into this endangered craft. Together, let’s celebrate and support the rich legacy of pottery in Bhaktapur.

Experience the magic of pottery firsthand and contribute to the preservation of this cultural heritage. Book your visit to Kumha Tole today and witness the beauty of traditional pottery before it becomes a fading memory.

Why Bhaktapur Pottery Square should be on every traveler’s itinerary

Bhaktapur is renowned for its rich cultural heritage and artistic traditions. Among its many treasures, the traditional pottery art of Bhaktapur stands out as a must-do experience for visitors seeking an immersive journey into the local culture.

Unveiling the Pottery Square:

At the core of Bhaktapur lies a bustling hub of creativity known as Pottery Square or Kumha Tole. Stepping into this vibrant neighborhood, visitors are instantly transported into a realm where the hands of skilled artisans mold clay into stunning masterpieces. As you wander through the narrow lanes, you will witness the age-old tradition of pottery unfold before your eyes.

Khutrukes are being dried up.
Khutrukes are being dried up.

The Prajapati Legacy:

The majority of craftsmen in Bhaktapur’s Pottery Square belong to the Prajapati community, renowned for their expertise in pottery. Passed down through generations, the art of pottery is deeply ingrained in their cultural heritage. Engage with the Prajapati artisans, hear their stories, and gain insights into their techniques, which have remained largely unchanged for centuries.

Hands-on Pottery Experience:

No visit to Bhaktapur is complete without getting your hands dirty and experiencing pottery firsthand. Several workshops and studios offer visitors the opportunity to learn the basics of pottery, from shaping clay on the wheel to creating unique designs. Under the guidance of skilled instructors, you can create your own pottery masterpiece and take home a tangible memory of your time in Bhaktapur.

Hands-on Pottery Experience:

Exploring Pottery Techniques:

Bhaktapur’s pottery art showcases a diverse range of techniques, including wheel-throwing, hand-building, and decorative embellishments. From delicate vases to intricately designed pottery items, each piece tells a story and reflects the craftsmanship of the artisans. Take the time to understand the different methods employed and the significance behind the motifs and symbols adorning these creations.

Preservation Efforts:

As traditional crafts face modern challenges, preserving Bhaktapur’s pottery art has become crucial. Organizations and initiatives are working tirelessly to ensure the sustainability of this ancient art form. By supporting local artisans and purchasing their handcrafted pottery, visitors can actively contribute to the preservation of this cultural heritage.


Immerse yourself in the captivating world of traditional pottery art in Bhaktapur, Nepal. Discover the legacy of the Prajapati community, witness skillful craftsmanship, and create your own pottery masterpiece. Engaging with this ancient art form is not just a memorable experience but also a way to support the preservation of Bhaktapur’s cultural heritage. Don’t miss the chance to delve into the enchanting realm of Bhaktapur’s pottery art during your visit to this extraordinary city.

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