Chitwan national park

Chitwan National Park is the first national park located in a protected area in the southern part of Nepal that is home to an incredible variety of flora and fauna. The park’s ecosystem has majestic elephants to playful monkeys, which is truly a sight to behold.

In this blog, we’ll take a journey through the heart of Chitwan to discover the best national parks in the world.


The park was established in 1973 and designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984 with an area of 932 square kilometers. Since then, it is one of the popular destinations for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts. The national park is situated in the subtropical lowlands of the Terai region with lush forests, rolling hills, and grasslands that provide the perfect habitat for its inhabitants.

The abundance of wildlife is one of Chitwan National Park’s most striking features found. The park is home to a variety of rare animals, including Bengal tigers, one-horned rhinoceroses, Four-horned antelope, Pangolins, Golden monitor lizards, and Pythons.

You can also find a large number of Asian elephants, and families wandering in the grasslands and on the roads as well.

In addition, there are more than 500 species of birds that call the park home, making it a prime destination for bird watchers. Some of the endangered birds are the Bengal florican, Kalij Pheasant, Great Hornbill, Pigeons, Woodpeckers, and Blue peafowl.

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7 Major Attractions of Chitwan National Park

Chitwan National Park offers a wide range of attractions for visitors to enjoy. Some of the most popular attractions include

  1. Wildlife Safari: One of the park’s main draws is the opportunity to see its diverse array of wildlife, including Bengal tigers, one-horned rhinoceroses, Asian elephants, and a variety of deer species.
  2. Bird Watching: Chitwan National Park is a paradise for bird enthusiasts. Some of the most notable species include the Bengal florican, giant hornbill, and lesser adjutant stork.
  3. Cultural Experience: Visitors can visit the local Tharu culture, a traditional village. They can experience daily life, try traditional foods, and participate in cultural activities.
  4. Jungle Walks: For those who prefer to explore the park on foot, jungle walks offer the chance to see wildlife, admire the scenery, and learn about the park’s ecology from a knowledgeable guide.
  5. Elephant Breeding Center: The park’s elephant breeding center is a fascinating place to visit. The visitors can learn about the breeding and care of these magnificent animals.
  6. Canoe Trips: Canoe trips along the park’s rivers offer a unique way to explore the park’s waterways, observe wildlife and take in the stunning scenery along the way.
  7. Gharial: The gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is one of the key attractions at Chitwan National Park. It is a species of crocodile found in the rivers of the Indian subcontinent, including the rivers of Chitwan. The gharial is one of the critically endangered species, with counts of fewer than 200 mature individuals.

Whether you’re a wildlife enthusiast, a nature lover, or simply looking for a unique cultural experience, Chitwan National Park offers you a huge range of activities.

How to explore Chitwan National Park?

The best way to experience Chitwan National Park is by taking a wildlife safari. These guided tours will take you deep into the park to be able to experience animals in their natural habitats.

Visitors can choose from several different safari options, including jeep safaris, canoe trips, and elephant rides. Each option provides a unique perspective on the park.

The culture of Chitwan

Chitwan National Park offers a variety of cultural experiences in addition to its ecosystem. The local Tharu community, who have been in the area for generations, offers a fascinating window into the past.

Visitors often observe daily life, taste traditional foods, and take part in cultural activities to learn more about Tharu culture.

The climate of Chitwan National Park

The climate has high humidity levels throughout the year as it is located in the central climatic zone of the Himalayas. Hence, the humid subtropical monsoon-influenced climate. The monsoon season starts in mid-June and lasts for about 14-15 weeks. During this time the area experiences most of its 2,500 mm of annual precipitation.

Monsoon season ends in late September when the humidity and temperature drop, reaching a low of 5 °C at night in late December. During this time, it typically drizzles for a few days. As temperatures begin to rise again, the humidity levels increase. The park is then embraced by lush vegetation and thriving wildlife.

Frequently asked questions about the park

Q1. How much is the entry fee for Chitwan National Park?

This fee covers entry to the park and other facilities such as the elephant breeding center and museum. Other activities within the park, such as wildlife safaris and canoe trips, may incur additional fees.

NationalityCost (Nepalese Rupees)
ForeignersRs 2000 Per Person
SAARC CountryRs 1000 Per Person
NepaliRs 150 Per Person
Chitwan National Park entry Fee Table

Q2.What is the best time to visit Chitwan National Park?

The best time to visit Chitwan National Park is from October to early March. Around this time of the year, the temperature is pleasant, averaging around 25°C. However, if you’re willing to brave the heat, April and May may be the best time for you. It is the end of the dry season, offering a unique opportunity to see wildlife as they gather at waterholes. Moreover, temperatures during this time can reach the mid 40°C, making it a challenging but rewarding experience. January is the coldest month, with temperatures dropping to near freezing at night.

Related: Reason To Visit Nepal

In conclusion, Chitwan National Park is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in nature and wildlife. With its incredible variety of flora and fauna, breathtaking landscapes, and rich cultural heritage, it’s easy to see why it’s considered one of the best national parks in the world. So pack your bags, grab your camera, and get ready for an adventure like no other!

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Sailendra Bhatta

An adventurer, writer, and Founder of Nepal Travel Vibes.

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